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Estimating the "Breadwinner Impact" on Household Division of Labour 

Melissa Siqueira

Pareto Undergraduate Journal of New Economists

Vol. 1 No. 4, Issue 2023

pp. 37 - pp. 55


This study builds upon previous literature examining the determinants of the household bargaining process. By employing a regression-discontinuity design model, I find that breadwinner status can be used as a bargaining tool to avoid household labour. While this effect generally holds for male breadwinners, it does not for female breadwinners. Limiting the sample to just parents, the breadwinner impact differential between males and females becomes negligible, indicating a different dynamic in households with children.

Melissa graduated from UTM in 2020, completing her degree in Financial Economics. Melissa was awarded the E.A. Robinson Medal issued to the top student in Social Sciences for her graduating year.  Post-graduation, she worked for two years in the Bank of Canada’s Financial Markets department, focusing on research pertaining to extended monetary policy and central bank communications. She is currently finishing her Master’s in Economics at UofT and will be heading to Analysis Group in the fall to work in economic consulting.  Her paper “Estimating the ‘Breadwinner Impact’ on Household Division of Labour” was written and submitted as a final year thesis to complete the ECO420 Research in Applied Economics course.  Following her graduate studies this paper will likely be updated and submitted to one of the leading field journals in economics.


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